Why is Ketamine Liquid Used Medically
How Quickly Does Ketamine Liquid Work
- With an overdose of ketamine, emergency care, such as 911, should be contacted immediately.
- There is no antidote for this drug. Overdose situations are treated with symptomatic and supportive care in the hospital setting. In the emergency department, adverse effects typically resolve in 1 to 3 hours.
- Benzodiazepines such as lorazepam may be used if needed for seizures, excitation, or muscle rigidity.
- Respiratory support is rarely needed, but assisted ventilation or supplemental oxygen may be required. Respiratory depression may be more likely if combined with sedatives.
- Those who abuse this drug should be referred for drug counseling.
Ketamine Health Hazards & Side Effects
Abuse of ketamine can be linked with short-term and long-term problems:
- Short-term: Problems with attention, learning, and memory; dreamlike states, hallucinations; sedation; confusion; loss of memory; raised blood pressure; unconsciousness; dangerously slowed breathing.
- Long-term: Ulcers and pain in the bladder; kidney problems; stomach pain; depression; poor memory.
Ketamine use can be fatal in people who are alcoholics or acutely intoxicated with alcohol. There are animal reports of an increased risk of toxicity when ketamine is combined with caffeine. Theoretically, this may be a concern in people who have consumed energy drinks, often done at nightclubs where ketamine may be abused.
The intensity of side effects is related to the dose of the drug consumed. Reported side effects may include:
|Low-to-moderate doses||Higher doses|
|Cardiovascular||Chest pain, elevated or depressed heart rate, high blood pressure, low blood pressure (rare).||Chest pain, dangerous changes in blood pressure, heart rate.|
|Central Nervous System (CNS)||Agitation, alterations in sight, sound, shapes, time, and body image, confusion, detached feelings, dizziness, drowsiness, flashbacks, hallucinations, lethargy, loss of coordination, numbness, sedation.||Amnesia (memory loss), coma, delirium, elevated body temperature, fear, hallucinations or terrors (k-hole effect), panic, seizures, violent behavior.|
|Gastrointestinal||Nausea and vomiting.||Nausea and vomiting.|
|Renal||Kidney toxicity (with chronic abuse).||Kidney toxicity (with chronic abuse).|
|Respiratory||Increase in breathing rate.||Respiratory depression (with rapid, high doses and if combined with alcohol or other CNS depressants).|
|Other||Salivation (IV use), spasm of the larynx (rare).||Severe anxiety, fear, panic, anxiety, exaggerated strength, and aggression, muscle rigidity, respiratory depression, death from overdose, especially if combined with alcohol, other CNS depressants).|
Central nervous system side effects such as agitation are less intense than those seen with PCP abuse. For those who abuse ketamine via insufflation (“snorting”) adverse reactions may be less serious, but still present. Fast heart rate, high blood pressure, hallucinations, and impaired consciousness upon presentation to the emergency department may be most common effects with “snorting”.Tolerance can build to the effects over time, requiring greater doses of the drug to reach the same level of effect. Reports suggest that the dissociative effect may also disappear over time. The dissociative effect alters the users perception of light and sound and produces feelings of detachment from self and surroundings.